Jon Ludvig Nilssen Hammer
Jon Ludvig Nilssen Hammer (born June 2, 1990 in Bergen) is a Norwegian chess player who holds the title of Grandmaster (GM), the tenth Norwegian to do so. He completed all the requirements for the GM title in the beginning of 2009 and was awarded the title in March 2009.
Hammer’s strong results at a fairly young age have marked him as among Norway’s greatest chess talents, but his achievements have to some degree been overshadowed by Magnus Carlsen. In 2007, Hammer completed all requirements for the International Master title. He gained his first GM norm in Cappelle la Grande in 2007, the second in Denmark in 2008, and a third in European Club Championship for teams later that year. However, the short length of those tournaments meant he needed a fourth norm to gain the GM title.
Photo Johnny Leo Johansen(c) for FB news
Chess is believed to have originated in northwest India during the Gupta empire, where its early form in the 6th century was known as chaturaṅga (Sanskrit: four divisions [of the military] – infantry, cavalry, elephants, and chariotry, represented by the pieces that would evolve into the modern pawn, knight, bishop, and rook, respectively). The earliest evidence of chess is found in the neighboring Sassanid Persia around 600, where the game came to be known by the name chatrang.